Chronic sinusitis is a painful medical condition that leads to a feeling of malaise and pressure around the eyes. It is often accompanied with a clogged nose, thick green mucus and repetitive cough that can last for four to 12 weeks. Most individuals with sinusitis were infected by a virus, but it is also caused by allergic responses to indoor or outdoor air pollution. For some individuals, the condition is especially painful due to poor sinus formation or an obstruction in their sinus cavity.
Occasionally, patients visiting ear, nose and throat specialists at Piedmont Ear, Nose, Throat& Related Allergy in Atlanta have a bacterial infection that is affecting their sinuses. Up to 30 percent of adults develop a mild to serious sinusitis infection each year, and many people have strong immune systems that will fight-off the disease in a week to 10 days. Individuals with immune disorders, cystic fibrosis or asthma are prone to having long-term sinus infections that disrupt their daily living. A physician can prescribe antibiotic medications for sinus infections caused by bacteria, but this treatment does not cure viral infections.
The pain from chronic sinusitis is almost debilitating with someone developing a fever and nausea in addition to feeling dizzy and having a severe headache. If you are experiencing a sinus headache just visit the content to make sure what to do. An individual may have a severely stuffed up nose or one that produces large amounts of pus from the inflammation inside the sinus cavity. In some cases, the infection from sinusitis is severe enough to infect the eye socket or ear canals that are located near the sinus cavities. Side effects of sinus infections include developing pain in the roots of teeth, loss of smell and a foul taste in the mouth. Postnasal drip and inflammation also cause horrible bad breath.
When someone gets a sinus infection, they typically treat it with over-the-counter pain relievers, nasal decongestant sprays or irrigation devices. These home remedies are usually effective for most cases of sinusitis. However, when the condition becomes chronic or recurs frequently, it is time to see an ENT specialist for specialized treatment. An ENT has more of an understanding of the complex sinus cavities and with medical imaging can often find defects that lead to recurrent sinusitis.
A careful analysis of each of the paired paranasal cavities is necessary to determine the causes of sinusitis infections. In addition to small structures in the sinus cavity such as the turbinates, an ENT looks at these portions of the sinuses:
• Sphenoidal – at the top and back of the skull
• Ethmoidal – both sides at the upper part of the nose
• Frontal – located above the eyes
• Maxillary – located along the cheeks near the teeth